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2017年江西省电子信息制造业数据

人民日报:网络安全自控接入评估网络安全自主

????原始标题:自主可控的网络安全访问(每个人的笔迹)。为了保证网络安全,必须实现对技术、产品、服务和系统的自主控制。我们需要在质量评估和安全评估的基础上增加自主可控的评估。网络安全是国家安全的重要基础,也是经济安全、社会保障和民生安全的重要保障。网络安全属于非传统安全,其内涵比传统安全更为广泛。国家网络信办《网络产品和服务安全审查办法(试行)》将网络安全审查分为“安全性”审查和“可控性”审查,其中安全审查类似于传统的安全要求,而可控性审查在传统安全方面强调较少,但也不强调网络安全。EDS需要不断改进和完善。什么是可控性?举例说明。当一个人买了一辆传统的车,他就可以控制这辆车。一般来说,他不需要考虑可控性,只需要考虑安全性。但如果他买了一辆自动驾驶汽车,这辆车就是一个纯字母产品,那么它的安全性就变得更加复杂了。即使汽车本身的安全不是问题,它也可能被黑客劫持,然后汽车的控制落入黑客的手中,黑客可以远程控制汽车,使其不受用户的控制,甚至造成严重的汽车毁坏和死亡事故。这是可控性问题。因此,网络安全属于非传统安全范畴,可控性和安全性是必不可少的。目前,中国对网络通信领域采用自主可控技术、产品、服务和系统的需求日益增长。这里“自主可控”的重点是可控性。自主控制是网络安全的前提和必要条件,但它不是一个充分条件。换言之,采用自主可控技术并不意味着实现网络安全,但不采用自主可控技术是不安全的。因此,为了实现网络安全,必须首先实现自主控制,然后实现传统意义上的安全,最后与其他安全措施相结合,以达到保证网络安全的目的。从网络安全的角度来看,一般有两种评价方法:一种是质量评价,即从功能和性能上评价技术、产品、服务和系统的各项指标;另一种是安全评价,即支持国家网络安全等级保护体系的评价。h有相应的标准、方法和制度,并由专业的第三方组织实施评价。实际上,我们应该在这两种评价中增加一个新的维度,即自主性和可控性评价,来评价技术、产品、服务、系统等的自主性和可控性的程度。在实践中,由于自主控制是一种新的要求,过去没有相应的标准和制度来保证,技术、产品、服务、系统等供应商经常说他们能够满足自主控制的要求,给用户带来了损失。这就要求加强和规范自我控制评价。自主可控评价的目的是客观、科学地评价技术、产品、服务和系统的自主可控程度。它涉及技术内涵、知识产权、技术能力、供应链、供应商资格等诸多因素。这是一个相对复杂的评估。独立可控的评估应在涉及网络安全的重大问题上发挥“一票否决”的作用。还应该指出的是,任何制度都依赖于人来实施,而人的理解水平对于实现自治和控制至关重要。对于企业来说,在规划产品时,应提高自我控制意识,对技术掌握、知识产权合法性、供应链安全等进行深入的调查和部署。我们甚至应该考虑当其他人切断电源时,是否有备用系统在顶部。对于用户来说,支持和选择国内的硬件和软件在某种意义上有助于实现自我控制。广大用户应提高网络安全意识,积极选择国产软硬件,及时反馈使用中发现的问题,帮助国产软硬件继续改进。

yuan shi biao ti: zi zhu ke kong de wang luo an quan fang wen mei ge ren de bi ji. wei le bao zheng wang luo an quan, bi xu shi xian dui ji shu chan pin fu wu he xi tong de zi zhu kong zhi. wo men xu yao zai zhi liang ping gu he an quan ping gu de ji chu shang zeng jia zi zhu ke kong de ping gu. wang luo an quan shi guo jia an quan de zhong yao ji chu, ye shi jing ji an quan she hui bao zhang he min sheng an quan de zhong yao bao zhang. wang luo an quan shu yu fei chuan tong an quan, qi nei han bi chuan tong an quan geng wei guang fan. guo jia wang luo xin ban wang luo chan pin he fu wu an quan shen zha ban fa shi xing jiang wang luo an quan shen zha fen wei" an quan xing" shen zha he" ke kong xing" shen zha, qi zhong an quan shen zha lei si yu chuan tong de an quan yao qiu, er ke kong xing shen zha zai chuan tong an quan fang mian qiang diao jiao shao, dan ye bu qiang diao wang luo an quan. EDS xu yao bu duan gai jin he wan shan. shen me shi ke kong xing? ju li shuo ming. dang yi ge ren mai le yi liang chuan tong de che, ta jiu ke yi kong zhi zhe liang che. yi ban lai shuo, ta bu xu yao kao lv ke kong xing, zhi xu yao kao lv an quan xing. dan ru guo ta mai le yi liang zi dong jia shi qi che, zhe liang che jiu shi yi ge chun zi mu chan pin, na me ta de an quan xing jiu bian de geng jia fu za le. ji shi qi che ben shen de an quan bu shi wen ti, ta ye ke neng bei hei ke jie chi, ran hou qi che de kong zhi luo ru hei ke de shou zhong, hei ke ke yi yuan cheng kong zhi qi che, shi qi bu shou yong hu de kong zhi, shen zhi zao cheng yan zhong de qi che hui huai he si wang shi gu. zhe shi ke kong xing wen ti. yin ci, wang luo an quan shu yu fei chuan tong an quan fan chou, ke kong xing he an quan xing shi bi bu ke shao de. mu qian, zhong guo dui wang luo tong xin ling yu cai yong zi zhu ke kong ji shu chan pin fu wu he xi tong de xu qiu ri yi zeng zhang. zhe li" zi zhu ke kong" de zhong dian shi ke kong xing. zi zhu kong zhi shi wang luo an quan de qian ti he bi yao tiao jian, dan ta bu shi yi ge chong fen tiao jian. huan yan zhi, cai yong zi zhu ke kong ji shu bing bu yi wei zhuo shi xian wang luo an quan, dan bu cai yong zi zhu ke kong ji shu shi bu an quan de. yin ci, wei le shi xian wang luo an quan, bi xu shou xian shi xian zi zhu kong zhi, ran hou shi xian chuan tong yi yi shang de an quan, zui hou yu qi ta an quan cuo shi xiang jie he, yi da dao bao zheng wang luo an quan de mu di. cong wang luo an quan de jiao du lai kan, yi ban you liang zhong ping jia fang fa: yi zhong shi zhi liang ping jia, ji cong gong neng he xing neng shang ping jia ji shu chan pin fu wu he xi tong de ge xiang zhi biao ling yi zhong shi an quan ping jia, ji zhi chi guo jia wang luo an quan deng ji bao hu ti xi de ping jia. h you xiang ying de biao zhun fang fa he zhi du, bing you zhuan ye de di san fang zu zhi shi shi ping jia. shi ji shang, wo men ying gai zai zhe liang zhong ping jia zhong zeng jia yi ge xin de wei du, ji zi zhu xing he ke kong xing ping jia, lai ping jia ji shu chan pin fu wu xi tong deng de zi zhu xing he ke kong xing de cheng du. zai shi jian zhong, you yu zi zhu kong zhi shi yi zhong xin de yao qiu, guo qu mei you xiang ying de biao zhun he zhi du lai bao zheng, ji shu chan pin fu wu xi tong deng gong ying shang jing chang shuo ta men neng gou man zu zi zhu kong zhi de yao qiu, gei yong hu dai lai le sun shi. zhe jiu yao qiu jia qiang he gui fan zi wo kong zhi ping jia. zi zhu ke kong ping jia de mu di shi ke guan ke xue di ping jia ji shu chan pin fu wu he xi tong de zi zhu ke kong cheng du. ta she ji ji shu nei han zhi shi chan quan ji shu neng li gong ying lian gong ying shang zi ge deng zhu duo yin su. zhe shi yi ge xiang dui fu za de ping gu. du li ke kong de ping gu ying zai she ji wang luo an quan de zhong da wen ti shang fa hui" yi piao fou jue" de zuo yong. hai ying gai zhi chu de shi, ren he zhi du dou yi lai yu ren lai shi shi, er ren de li jie shui ping dui yu shi xian zi zhi he kong zhi zhi guan zhong yao. dui yu qi ye lai shuo, zai gui hua chan pin shi, ying ti gao zi wo kong zhi yi shi, dui ji shu zhang wo zhi shi chan quan he fa xing gong ying lian an quan deng jin xing shen ru de diao cha he bu shu. wo men shen zhi ying gai kao lv dang qi ta ren qie duan dian yuan shi, shi fou you bei yong xi tong zai ding bu. dui yu yong hu lai shuo, zhi chi he xuan ze guo nei de ying jian he ruan jian zai mou zhong yi yi shang you zhu yu shi xian zi wo kong zhi. guang da yong hu ying ti gao wang luo an quan yi shi, ji ji xuan ze guo chan ruan ying jian, ji shi fan kui shi yong zhong fa xian de wen ti, bang zhu guo chan ruan ying jian ji xu gai jin.

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Party Medium: We should not blindly develop the tertiary industry and fall into the mistaken zone of industrial structure upgrading | Petty | Clark | Theorem

????The original title: To avoid the misunderstanding of upgrading industrial structure, a country or region should base itself on its comparative advantages and not blindly develop the tertiary industry and fall into the misunderstanding of upgrading industrial structure. Many people think that the rationality of the industrial structure of a region depends mainly on whether the proportion of the tertiary industry exceeds 50%. The higher the proportion of the tertiary industry, the more reasonable the industrial structure. To some extent, the phenomenon of economic development in some localities is "from reality to emptiness", which has a certain relationship with this unde石家庄汽车行情_366行业资讯网rstanding. Whether the proportion of the tertiary industry can be used as a measure of whether the industrial structure is reasonable or not requires in-depth analysis. In theory, the origin of this view is "Petit-Clark theorem". In 1672, the British economist William Petty compared the incomes of farmers, handicraftsmen and seafarers in his book Political Arithmetic and found that the benefits of employment were less for farmers than for workers and less for workers than for merchants. So he predicted that with the development of economy, the focus of industry will gradually shift from tangible product production to intangible service production; when the income of industrial sector exceeds that of agricultural sector, the labor force will inevitably shift from agriculture to industry; when the income of commercial sector exceeds that of industrial sector, the labor force will turn from industry to commerce. In 1940, another British economist, Colin Clark, in his book The Conditions for Economic Progress, made an empirical study of labor input and output of three industries in more than 40 countries (regions) in different periods, according to the prophecy of Tier. The conclusion is in good agreement with Tier. Therefore, the academic circles combined their research results into one, collectively known as "Petit-Clark Theorem". Later, some western scholars wrote articles to introduce the theorem, which has been widely disseminated in the international community. From a specific historical stage, the prophecy of Peidi is not wrong. But it should be pointed out that "Petit-Clark theorem" is not "theorem", but "law". In science, a theorem is a proposition deduced from deductive logic, and a law is a conclusion based on a large number of empirical facts under specific space-time conditions. The difference between them is that the theorem can not be constrained by space-time conditions, and the law can only be established within a certain range because of the constraints of space-time conditions. There is no doubt that Petit-Clark Theorem comes from empirical facts and belongs to the law. Since it is a law, it must be constrained by space-time conditions. So, what is the space-time condition that constrains the law? Peddy and Clark did not explain this, but after studying their works, we can find that the law is constrained by the stage of economic development in time and the scope of division of labor in space. Constrained by the stage of economic development, it means that the law is only established at a specific stage of development. For example, there is no industry or service industry in the farming society, and the Petit-Clark theorem obviously does not 国内半导体设备龙头_366行业资讯网hold. In the post-industrialized period, this law is not necessarily valid, beca国企制药企业名单_366行业资讯网use as mentioned earlier, it is the induction of empirical facts, whether it is Petit or Clark. Because of the limitations of their life years, they have not been able to study the empirical facts in the post-industrialized period. Today, the proportion of manufacturing industry in Europe and the United States has rebounded, which can be used as an example of the law that does not necessarily hold in the post-industrial era. Restricted by the scope of division of labor means that the scope of application of the law depends on the scope of division of labor. Specifically, in the early to middle stages of industrialization, 纳米技术论文_366行业资讯网if the scope of division of labor is limited to a cert明清家具对现代的影响_366行业资讯网ain region, then "Petit-Clark theorem" applies to that region; if the scope of division of labor is expanded, when a country forms an inter-regional division of labor, the law will apply to that country rather than to a certain r爱琴。For example, suppose a country has three regions: A, B and C. The comparative adva半导体物理名词解释下载百度云_366行业资讯网ntage of A is agriculture, B is industry, and C is tertiary industry. If the country has formed an inter-regional division of labor, A, B and C do not have to adhere to the "Petit-Clark Theorem" and can develop their own advantageous industries. In this way, the evolution of industrial structure does not conform to the law from a regional perspective, but from the perspective of the whole country, the evolution of industrial structure is consistent with the law. On the contrary, what will happen if the industrial orientation of